Research publications



Voice of the Patient report – Hearing Loss Association of America

A report by Hearing Loss Association of America on Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Deloitte Access Economics– Hearing for Life – The value of hearing services for vulnerable Australians, March 2020

Factors to consider when developing hearing health awareness messages for Australians

Hear our Heart Ear Bus Project_ Supporting families of Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous people


Education, health of children with hearing loss – the necessity of signed languages 2019

Barriers and Facilitators to Cochlear Implant Uptake in Australia and the United Kingdom 2019

There are numerous complex barriers and facilitators to CI uptake. Knowledge of these can inform the development of targeted strategies to increase CI referral and surgery for potential beneficiaries.

Redressing or entrenching social and health inequities through policy implementation? Examining personalised budgets through the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme

In this paper, the authors analyse the potential of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) to redress, entrench or extend social (and in turn health) inequalities. The paper argues that the way that funding is located, and not simply the amount of funding allocated, matters for health outcomes and inequalities. The paper concludes that ‘personalisation’ approaches can widen inequities and inequalities unless policy design and implementation is carefully considered. By Gemma Carey, Eleanor Malbon, Daniel Reeders, Anne Kavanagh and Gwynnyth Llewellyn

Inquiry into the hearing health and wellbeing of Australia: Still waiting to be heard

Report by a parliamentary committee. Among many recommendations in the inquiry report – “The Committee recommends that hearing health is made a National Health Priority”. Read our plain language translation summary

Provision of hearing services under Australia’s National Disability Insurance Scheme

A Parliamentary committee held a series of public hearings in 2017 to hear from people about Hearing services in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Read our plain language translation summary


Hearing health care for adults: priorities for improving access and affordability (USA)

Author: National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine. While the service delivery and funding arrangements for hearing services are different in America compared with Australia, many of the issues raised in the report are similar to those experienced by Deaf and hearing-impaired people in Australia.

A Europe-wide strategy: spend to save. Investing in hearing technology improves lives and saves society money

Author: The Ear Foundation. Hearing loss is a major unaddressed public health issue across Europe, which leads to substantial costs to the individual and to public services. Providing today’s hearing technologies change lives and saves society money.


Action plan on hearing loss (UK)

Author: ANHS England and Department of Health. The purpose of the Action plan on hearing loss report is to encourage action and promote change across all levels of public service. It identifies how hearing needs can be met and improved for children and adults.

2000 − 2014

A fairer hearing – enhancing the lived experience of people with hearing loss

A report card on the social wellbeing of Deaf and hearing impaired people in Australia

A sorry business: lack of progress in Aboriginal hearing health

Access, equity and hearing loss in Australia

Case studies and quotes from people with the ‘lived’ experience

Causes and costs of hearing loss, and ear or balance disorder to the Australian Health Care system

Causes of hearing loss in Australia

Connecting disability support with sensory need

Degrees of hearing loss

Forming strategic alliances with primary care medicine – Interventional audiology in practice

Global burden of disabling hearing impairment

Hear us inquiry into hearing health in Australia

Hearing loss: the silent epidemic

Higher social distress and lower psycho-social wellbeing

Listen hear − the economic impact and cost of hearing loss in Australia

Patient-professional interaction in clinical settings

Politics of deafness

Young people

Demographic Details of young Australians aged less than 26 years with a hearing loss, who have been fitted with a hearing aid or cochlear implant

Supplement to the JCIH 2007 Position Statement: Principles and Guidelines for Early Intervention After Confirmation that a Child Is Deaf or Hard of Hearing. Full Text

American Academy of Pediatrics, Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. Pediatrics. 2013; 131(4): e1324-e1349.

Position Statement: Principles and Guidelines for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Programs. Full Text

American Academy of Pediatrics, Joint Committee on Infant Hearing. Pediatrics. 2007;120(4):898–921.

Captioning in education

Consequences of being born Deaf in the 21st Century

Dangerous Listening Indigenous communities

Early identification of hearing impairment in Australia

Evaluation of a Comprehensive Case Management Support Program for the Prevention of Hearing Loss associated with Otitis Media with Perforation in Indigenous Children

Guidelines for the Employment of Sign Language Interpreters in Educational Settings

Preventing Indigenous early childhood hearing loss

School to work transition for hard of hearing adolescents

Students with a hearing loss in VET

Acquired hearing loss

Providing earplugs to young adults at risk encourages protective behaviour in music venues
Global Health Promotion. 2015 Feb 6. pii: 1757975914558887. [Epub ahead of print]. Beach, Nielsen, Gilliver.

Changing beliefs about leisure noise: using health promotion models to investigate young people’s engagement with, and attitudes towards, hearing health
Int J Audiol. 2015 Apr;54(4):211-9. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2014.978905. Epub 2014 Dec 10. Gilliver M, Beach EF, Williams W.

Music to whose ears? The effect of social norms on young people’s risk perceptions of hearing damage resulting from their music listening behaviour
Noise Health. 2012 Mar-Apr;14(57):47-51. doi: 10.4103/1463-1741.95131. Gilliver M, Carter L, Macoun D, Rosen J, Williams W.

Noise with attitude: influences on young people’s decisions to protect their hearing
Int J Audiol. 2013 Feb;52 Suppl 1:S26-32. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2012.743049. Gilliver M, Beach EF, Williams W

Hearing protection for clubbers is music to their ears
Health Promot J Austr. 2010 Dec;21(3):215-21. Beach E1, Williams W, Gilliver M.

Leisure noise exposure: participation trends, symptoms of hearing damage, and perception of risk
Int J Audiol. 2013 Feb;52 Suppl 1:S20-5. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2012.743050. Beach EF, Gilliver M, Williams W.

Qualitative study of earplug use as a health behaviour: the role of noise injury symptoms, self-efficacy and an affinity for music
J Health Psychol. 2012 Mar;17(2):237-46. doi: 10.1177/1359105311412839. Epub 2011 Jun 27. Beach EF, Williams W, Gilliver M.

Noise levels in fitness classes are still too high: evidence from 1997-1998 and 2009-2011
Arch Environ Occup Health. 2014;69(4):223-30. doi: 10.1080/19338244.2013.771248. Beach EF, Nie V.

Hearing protection devices: Use at work predicts use at play
Arch Environ Occup Health. 2015 Sep 11:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]. Beach EF, Gilliver M, Williams W

A clinical trial of active hearing protection for orchestral musicians
J Occup Environ Hyg. 2014;11(7):450-9. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2013.875187. O’Brien I, Driscoll T, Williams W, Ackermann B.

The leisure-noise dilemma: hearing loss or hearsay? What does the literature tell us?
Ear Hear. 2014 Sep-Oct;35(5):491-505. doi: 10.1097/01.aud.0000451498.92871.20. Carter L, Williams W, Black D, Bundy A.

Estimating young Australian adults’ risk of hearing damage from selected leisure activities
Ear Hear. 2013 Jan-Feb;34(1):75-82. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e318262ac6c. Beach E, Williams W, Gilliver M.

The objective-subjective assessment of noise: young adults can estimate loudness of events and lifestyle noise
Int J Audiol. 2012 Jun;51(6):444-9. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2012.658971. Epub 2012 Mar 1. Beach EF, Williams W, Gilliver M.

Clubbing: the cumulative effect of noise exposure from attendance at dance clubs and night clubs on whole-of-life noise exposure
Noise Health. 2010 Jul-Sep;12(48):155-8. doi: 10.4103/1463-1741.64970. Williams W, Beach EF, Gilliver M.

Hearing threshold levels for a population of 11 to 35 year old Australian females and males
Int J Audiol. 2014 May;53(5):289-93. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2013.873957. Epub 2014 Feb 24. Williams W, Carter L, Seeto M.


Disability law and people with hearing loss

Getting heard: effective prevention of hazardous occupational noise

Hearing health in a farming environment

How can we minimise noise damage in the worksite?

Labour force activities, barriers and enablers for people with a hearing loss

Recent advances in the understanding of Meniere’s disease and tinnitus

What consumers really think about the Disability Employment Services

Hearing loss, earplug use and attitudes to hearing protection amongst non-orchestral ensemble musicians
Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 64(3), 132-137. O’Brien, I., & Beach, E.F. (2016).

Later adulthood

Hear our Heart Ear Bus Project_ Supporting families of Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenou s people

Health policy for hearing impairment in older Australians

Hearing and communication − a primary concern in aged care

Prevalence, risk factors and impacts of hearing impairment in an older Australian community

It’s never too late to hear better

An instructional video and manual for staff and volunteers in aged care facilities to address under-managed hearing care.

Cognitive decline and hearing health care for older adults


Hearing and cognitive impairment and the role of the international classification of functioning, disability and health as a rehabilitation framework

Lind, Meyer, Young

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults

Lin et al 2013

Hearing loss and cognition in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging

Lin et al 2011

Meniere’s and balance disorder

Burden of dizziness and vertigo in the community

Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults

Dizziness and imbalance in the elderly- age-related decline in the vestibular system

Epidemiology of dizziness and balance problems in children in the United States

Vertigo − A Review of common peripheral and central vestibular disorders

Vestibular perceptual thresholds increase above the age of 40